Computer generated books & fanzines

Computer-generated literature draws on the experimental literary practices of Dadaism, Gertrude Stein, Concrete Poetry, the poetic-informative texts of the Stuttgart School, Oulipo, as well as the early language research of Artificial Intelligence. These lines of tradition shape the landscape of code literature today.

In 1959, computer scientist Theo Lutz programmed an algorithm that ran on the Z22 developed by Konrad Zuse and threw out what he called "stochastic texts." They are considered the first German poems from a computer. Some of the early techniques of writing have become part of our daily interaction with texts. We have become accustomed to reading mash-up-style texts on the Internet, or to poetry bots and similar text generators writing posts on Facebook or Twitter.

Since those mid-20th century beginnings, "computer poetry" has evolved in many ways, and not just technically. In particular, the cultural and social issues raised by computer-generated literature today are very different from those of the last century.

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All books and fanzines below are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fanzines from the Seminar Human Machine Readable

During the two-week compact seminar “Human Machine Readable”, students programmed their own textbots, using methods from Markov models, a more traditional statistical way to generate texts, to GPT-2/3 (Generative Pre-Training Transformer) state-of-the-art neural language models for NLG (Natural Language Generation). Some of the computer-generated texperiments you’ll find below as fanzines.

NaNoGenMo ’21 Books

The ground zero students Julia Nakotte, Tiago Ive Rubini, Benita Martis, Naoto Hieda, Sayaka Kuramochi (and special guest Luther Blissett) participated in NaNoGenMo ’21 (National Novel Generation Month). They programmed code from November 1-30, which in turn wrote a 50,000 word novel. Their code-literary experiments you’ll find below in book form.

Acid in the style of Scaruffi

by Pedro Ramírez

Download Fanzine as PDF »here«

A Thousand Lines

by Luise Flügge

Download Fanzine as PDF »here«


by Johanna Schütt

Download Fanzine as PDF »here«

#Death in #Venice

by Julia Nakotte

Download Book as PDF »here«

Menschen, Deutschland, Impfung

by Benita Martis

Download Book as PDF »here«


by Sayaka Kuramochi

Download Book as PDF »here«

Lost in a Labyrinth

by Yonca Yildirim

Download Fanzine as PDF »here«

daily affirmations

by Tiago Ive Rubini

Download Book as PDF »here«

AITA – The Quality Of Man

by Maxim Diehl

Download Fanzine as PDF »here«

December 6th 2021 at 00:27 Neumarkt to Maarweg

by Shokoufeh Eftekhar

Download Fanzine as PDF »here«

Adversarial Prose

by special guest: Luther Blissett

Download Book as PDF »here«

feature request: add Japanese

by Naoto Hieda

Download Books as PDF:
»english version« | »japanese version«

Exhibition @ KHM Rundgang “außer der Reihe” 2022